A hairdryer is a technique that is in every home. It is already difficult to imagine how you can do without a device for quick and gentle hair drying. The functions of the hair dryer cannot be expanded, for example, of stylers, but manufacturers around the world are working to ensure that the industrial design is not only ergonomic, but also visually attractive.
For a high-quality visualization of a hairdryer, contact the industrial design studio KLONA!
Hair dryer history
The first head dryer appeared in Germany in 1900. The German manufacturer “Sanitas” presented to the public a seemingly strange design: it resembled a large watering can. A steel tube was attached to one side, and a wooden handle was on the other. Inside was an internal combustion engine. It heated a steel coil and a built-in propeller supplied the heated air through a tube.
One of the first hair dryer models
While drying the hair, the hair dryer had to be kept at a distance of a meter from the head. Otherwise, there was a high risk of hair burning. It was not easy, because the weight of the device is more than two kilograms. But at that time the hairdryer was blowing out air, the temperature of which was about 90 ° C, it was necessary to observe safety precautions. Today hair dryers are lightweight, compact, affordable and safe.
One of the first hair dryer models
Design of a modern hair dryer
It is simple and does not differ much from the first models by the principle of operation. The case is made of durable plastic, inside which there is a small fan and an electric motor. All heating elements are made of nichrome.
Hair dryer standard design: 1. fan propeller; 2. electric motor; 3. heating element in the form of a spiral; 4. base with thermal protection; 5. start button and mode switch; 6. power supply cord.
Hair dryer heater
Hair dryer fan
Heating element block
All internal parts are protected from overheating, but in case of emergency, the hair dryer can be suspended to avoid damage. The thermostat is responsible for temperature control. If the heating becomes critical, then the contacts are automatically opened and the air supply is stopped.
The thermal fuse is a reserve parachute if the thermostat has not tripped. The fuse will disconnect the device from the power supply.
How the hair dryer works
At the back of the case there is a ventilation grill through which the fan receives and transforms the air flow. Air passes through the heating element and exits through the nozzle (nozzle).
Modern hair dryers can heat the air up to 60 degrees Celsius for the fastest drying possible. Almost all devices are equipped with air speed and temperature regulators.
Manufacturers have developed attachments taking into account the wishes of modern women: a hairdryer allows you not only to dry your hair, but also to give it a smooth, wavy or voluminous texture.
Types of hairdryer attachments
- Concentrator. Optimal attachment for fast drying of hair. Its shape resembles a cylinder, which tapers towards one edge. It allows you to precisely direct the air flow.
Philips Pro hairdryer
- Diffuser. With this attachment, you can create a voluminous hairstyle. It resembles a small sieve through which dispersed hot air passes. “Fingers” are equipped with small holes and lift hair from the roots, drying in a particularly gentle mode.
Satin Hair 3 diffuser nozzle
Hair dryer production: how to create a case
The hair dryer is modeled according to the drawings. At the design stage, it is important to take into account not only the technical features, but also the ergonomics of the housing handle. All buttons and switches should be easily accessible for one-handed operation. An industrial designer will transfer the drawings to a 3D printer and you will see a volumetric model future device. After the model is approved by the customer, the 3D printer is used to produce prototype … If necessary, corrections are made to the 3D model of the hair dryer and a final prototype is made, which passes all the necessary tests for the quality of work and the ergonomics of the case. The final model turns into a massive metal mold through which the entire batch is cast.
The CLONE industrial design studio will help you create an ergonomic hair dryer model.
Hair dryer design: finding new shapes
Manufacturers and designers are tirelessly looking for an opportunity to offer consumers new, more sophisticated hairdryers. Many of them are far from understanding what a hair dryer should look like. Let’s take a look at the original models on the market today.
The manufacturer in the model combines high technology and unique design. A team of 103 people worked on the model for 4 years. More than $ 70 million was invested in the development.
The innovation of the device lies in the fact that it can check and control the air temperature more than 20 times per second.
The developers focused on the design of the case and significantly changed the usual design. The engine and the several times smaller fan are housed in a handle that fits comfortably in the hand. According to the designers, this way the girls will not get tired of the hand due to the correct distribution of weight.
The case is made of high quality plastic and is available in two colors: purple and silver.
The model resembles a black and white hand-held tube and is equipped with a long cord. The cord is easily hidden in the back of the case after using the hair dryer.
The peculiarity of the model is that it can be switched from a straight line to an “L” -shape. This function is primarily intended for comfortable transportation.
The body of the hair dryer resembles a glass for stirring cocktails. The cord is hidden inside the structure and, in the off mode, is attached to the grill that covers the fan. The device is decorated with multi-colored plastic, which is removable for easy cleaning. Interestingly, this hairdryer lacks the usual handle.
The model is interesting thanks to the ergonomic handle, which can be adjusted depending on the need. The handle can be flexed at a 90 ° angle, making it easier to dry hair, for example in the back of the head. The body of the hair dryer is black, the buttons and the handle, which are made in burgundy color, add bright accents.
This model has been designed in collaboration with Porsche. In addition to its unusual design, the hairdryer emits a sound during operation that resembles the roar of a car engine. In a monolithic case, only two colors were used: silver and red. There is one nozzle-concentrator fixed in the body.
The model of the hair dryer “Go On” is notable for its compact size. The case is only 9 cm long and weighs 110 grams. Despite its small size, the power is 500 watts. The model was originally created as a souvenir. The body is made of plastic and coated with a silver coating. The manufacturer offers several colors. The designers have approached the ventilation protective grill, which resembles an openwork fabric, in a non-standard way. The handle is practically absent, but you should not expect that the hairdryer will be used for its intended purpose.
As you can see, despite the established shape of the case for years, manufacturers and designers do not give up their attempts to surprise customers and develop a model that will destroy the usual ideas about a hairdryer.
Industrial design studio KLONA will develop a model for a functional and souvenir hair dryer.